QSTAR is a joint research center bringing together the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ), the Italian Institute of Technology (IIT), the European Laboratory for Nonlinear Spectroscopy (LENS), the University of Florence and the National Institute of Optics - National Research Council (INO-CNR).
QSTAR offers a highly interdisciplinary scientific environment focused on quantum science and technology and in particular on the research opportunities in low-energy quantum science that are being created by emerging new technologies in atomic, molecular and optical (AMO) physics, precision metrology, and nano-scale science.
QSTAR aims at contributing to the growing sinergy between AMO physics, condensed matter science, and nanoscale technologies. Goals and opportunities in this interdisciplinary field range from tests of fundamental physics laws and the better understanding of the counterintuitive behavior of quantum mechanical many-body sytems to the engineering of novel quantum devices from the atomic scale to the mesoscopic scale.
QSTAR is located in the headquarters of the old Institute of Physics, which hosts nowadays the Department of Physics and Astronomy of the University of Florence. The building was built in 1921 thanks to Antonio Garbasso.
A group of brilliant physicists such as Gilberto Bernardini, Enrico Fermi, Joseph Loupe, Giulio Racah, Franco Rasetti and Bruno Rossi worked there and it was in that place that Enrico Fermi wrote his fundamental work on the statistics of the electrons in 1926.
This building, usually called "Garbasso", is one of the main buildings located on the hill of Arcetri, which has recently been celebrated as a historic site by the European Physical Society (EPS), as it is rich in historical and scientific interest. Going up the hill you will see also the National Institute of Optics, founded in 1927 by Vasco Ronchi, protagonist of the rebirth of optics in Italy, and the Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, built in 1872 on the initiative of Giovan Battista Amici and Giovan Battista Donati.